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IN THIS ISSUE:
May 2010

Borderline Personality Disorder: A Role for Medication?
Antipsychotics, including aripiprazole (Abilify) and olanzapine (Zyprexa), as well as mood stabilizers, such as topiramate (Topamax) and lamotrigine (Lamictal), alleviate some symptoms of borderline personality disorder, but the effects of antidepressants on this condition are variable.

Morphine to Prevent PTSD
Early treatment with morphine following an injury may reduce the risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Risperidone-Induced Hyperprolactinemia Lowers BMD in Boys
Both risperidone (Risperdal and others), through its effects on prolactin concentrations, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can lower bone mineral density in boys.

Priapism with Antipsychotics
Antipsychotic medications with a high affinity for the α1-adrenal receptor, such as chlorpromazine (Thorazine), quetiapine (Seroquel), and ziprasidone (Geodon), may be more likely to cause priapism than those with a low affinity.

In Brief
Spouses of People with Dementia Have Higher Risk of Depression; Modafinil (Provigil) Effective for Treating Fatigue in HIV+ Patients

Citalopram and Escitalopram Overdoses
Overdoses with both citalopram (Celexa and others) and escitalopram (Lexapro) can cause serious toxicity.

Morphine to Prevent PTSD

May 2010

A pharmacologic strategy that could be administered after trauma to attenuate the risk of a patient developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has long been a goal for clinicians and researchers. Results with benzodiazepines and beta-blockers have been mixed.

In a small sample of children…

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